Tag Archives: Education

Why Dennis Prager is wrong

Dennis Prager recently wrote a column and placed it on his website that I find to be part of the endemic societal response to everything: fear and outrage. It would seem that everything that happens in America, and in the world, is the worst thing ever and clearly marks the point of no return for the human race. While sensational and profitable, it just ain’t true. So, in a totally different approach, I took Mr. Prager’s column and responded to each and every point, not to prove him wrong, instead to provide some perspective to what he is saying. The complete text of his column is initalics and offset with asterisks while my comments are in standard font.

*I cannot imagine any thinking person who does not believe the world is getting worse.

Well, I guess I might surprise him…

*The number of slaughtered and the number of refugees from slaughter is immense and growing.

Remember that hundreds of millions were slaughtered during the 20th century, not to mention other eras in history where populations were relatively much smaller and tens of millions were slaughtered.

*Islamic State now controls territories from Afghanistan to West Africa. Libya is in the process of being added to that list. And other sadistic Islamist movements hold additional territory.

Remember when the Soviets controlled a significant portion of the planet, either directly or indirectly, and had nuclear missiles a hop skip and a jump from Florida…

*According to Pew Research, approximately 10 percent of world Muslims have a favorable opinion of the Islamic State and terror against civilians. That’s more than 100 million people.

A country of more than one billion people used to be overtly hostile to the U.S. and is now a trading partner that depends on trading with us (China).

*The Iranian regime has just increased the reward it will give to anyone who murders Indian novelist Salman Rushdie, is increasing its repression at home, now has more than a hundred billion additional dollars to spend on terror and regularly calls for the annihilation of Israel.

Iran has been a rogue regime for many years and it is important to keep in mind that the existence of the current regime was in no small part due to our own intervention in wanting to depose the Shah.

*Iran just received from Russia the most powerful anti-aircraft weapons that exist outside the United States, making a successful air attack on Iran almost impossible.

Correct me if I am wrong, but didn’t the Soviets basically create the craziest regime on the planet (N. Korea) during the last century. And the idea that Iran is impregnable now is foolish and dramatic.

*Europe is allowing in another million migrants from the Middle East, few of whom share Europe’s primary moral values. One consequence is that European women are being sexually attacked in increasing numbers. Another is that European countries are making criticism of Muslims or Islam — no matter how rational the critique — a crime punishable by jail time and/or fines.

At one point in history, didn’t Catholics in Europe kill people for religious heresy and we refer to it as the Inquisition? The world recovered from that institutionalized religious attempt at eliminating competition by slaughter, and to think that this most recent attempt at the same ends will mark the end of civilization when a significant technological divide separates the aggressors from their would-be victims is sensational and hardly likely.

*The only thing stopping regular mass murder of Europeans and Americans is increased European and American police work. And no one believes that this will suffice to prevent future attacks.

I think Prager gives too much credit to both terrorists and the police; let us remember the TSA has never—to my knowledge—ever prevented an attack. If he wishes to present evidence that somehow crime rates are higher, I would be happy to see it, but most of the evidence points to diminishing crime rates in general; particularly when you control for non-violent drug offenses. This would be like making Coca Cola illegal and then stating that the rise in crime rates due to Coke related arrests is indicative of a society in collapse; it is sophomoric, illogical, and merely designed to scare people. The growth of the police state should concern Prager more. Remember those hundreds of millions killed in the twentieth century I mentioned earlier? They were all killed by governments that established police states.

*Russia is led by a KGB man who seeks to replace American influence with Russian influence wherever possible. And he is allowed to do so by the American president and the Democratic Party.

Russia—as the Soviet Union—was run by the people who invented the KGB and they also wanted to replace American influence wherever possible…and, remember Lenin and Stalin? I am quite certain that, while I do agree Putin is a security threat, his threat is hardly greater than that of his 19th and 20th century predecessors; do bad actors like Hitler and Mussolini ring a bell.

*While Russia continues to attempt, in Charles Krauthammer’s words, “to fracture and subordinate” Ukraine, the United States under Obama refuses to send Ukraine weapons.

We—at one point in history—not only stood idly by while essentially the same nation expanded by force, but we helped them (remember: FDR called Stalin Uncle Joe).

*The United States is led by a president whose primary foe seems to be the prime minister of Israel, even though the prime minister’s country happens to be the freest, most moral and most pro-American country in the Middle East.

And he is opposed by people who seem largely obsessed with the same man…just for different reasons. Perhaps if Bush would not have preached restraint to the Israelis while we carpet bombed our attackers, much of this would be a non-issue at this point. Incidentally, everyone does realize the Israel is a socialist state, right?

*The commander of the U.S. Pacific Command recently told Congress “that China is clearly militarizing the South China Sea,” in order to gain “hegemony in East Asia.”

Hmmmm…I am partial to the good ole USA, but it smacks of a bit of hypocrisy for us to spend more on defense than—I believe—the next 16 countries combined and complain when one of those 16 builds theirs too. We scoff at the notion from other nations that we are attempting to control the globe through military might, but use the same argument against China? That is politics, I guess.

*Cuba now has American recognition, and as a direct result has felt free to increase its subjugation of the Cuban people. In January, the Cuban regime arrested 1,414 political dissidents, the second-most ever recorded. It will be rewarded by a visit from President Obama.

There are five communist countries left on the planet and we have long traded with three of them (Cuba and North Korea being the exceptions); by the way, exporting capitalism was one of Reagan’s plans to topple the Soviet’s. If not trading with them is the way to break the Cuban regime, shouldn’t they be long gone by now?

*In the United States, most universities are being taken over by a fascistic expression of leftism. Student thugs take over administration offices with impunity, shout down speakers with whom they differ, and many faculty members support them. In the name of “diversity” and “tolerance,” American universities, once a jewel of free thought and intellectual inquiry, have become places Americans who cherish liberty and cherish America increasingly fear to send their children.

Universities have been leftist for a while now. Furthermore, I have a BS in political science and a Master’s in Economics (the equivalent of 6 years of higher education via several colleges/universities) and I have never encountered the iron-fisted liberalism which is often discussed on talk radio. In fact, my most liberal professor conceded multiple points to me (because I used evidence and not hyperbole). Additionally, that same professor offered to write me a recommendation for graduate school. I might suggest that the effect of liberal professors has become a convenient way for students with conservative parents to explain their mediocre grades…

*Contempt for America and its founding ideals are indoctrinated into America’s youth from high school on. If shown any of the iconic paintings of the Founders — such as signing the Declaration of Independence or deliberating at the Constitutional Convention — rather than seeing great people creating a great nation, most young Americans now only see racist, sexist, rich, slave-owning white males.

Fallacies about the founders—and much of history—are not isolated to progressives; conservatives also spread a lot of mis-information and this is not a new problem. [Example being that all settlers from Europe supposedly came fleeing from religious persecution and seeking religious freedom; the fact is that Puritans fled England because religion was too free and easy. They set up a colony with designs on imposing religion and even killed dissenters in some cases.] Furthermore, I would suggest that instead of people exhibiting the response Mr. Prager suggests most students would not know who the people they were looking at are.

*As its universities make clear, the West is committing suicide. At UCLA one doesn’t have to read a single play by Shakespeare in order to receive a degree in English. But one is fully indoctrinated regarding “White Privilege,” “systemic racism,” “income inequality,” “homophobia,” “hate speech,” “climate change” and whatever radicals care about.

First of all, while reading Shakespeare does have some entertaining value and historical context, it is effectively worthless for much of society; particularly an English major (because nobody talks like that). Secondly, those things are discussed rather sparingly, and are dependent on the field chosen. If you go into sociology you are likely to encounter a lot of leftist ideas, if you go into finance or economics, the discussions will be about markets and those things which increase economic activity like reduced taxes and the fallacy of the wage floor as a means to increase the well-being of society.

*A Republican presidential debate opens with a comment by the leading Republican candidate about the size of his penis. And the audience cheers.

I really could care less about this. Guys have been talking like that since the beginning of time and will continue to until the end. The fact that it leaked out on TV is of no measureable consequence to me (I am not a Trump fan, incidentally).

*The American president, a black man elected in the hope that he would unify the races, has overseen the greatest rift between the races since the 1960s. His repeated references to “Ferguson,” reinforcing the lie that a white policeman killed an innocent black teenager for no reason other than the young man’s race, is only one such example. One result is a rhetorical (and increasingly lethal) war on police that has led many officers to minimize proactively policing largely black areas.

This does not mean the world is doomed, just that when people make assumptions, the old adage comes true. And, FYI, he was not elected “in the hope he would unify the races.”

*The Democratic presidential race is between a socialist who has contempt for capitalism, the only economic system that has ever lifted large swaths of humanity out of poverty, and a woman who is so corrupt that she should be serving time in prison, not campaigning for president.

FDR was a socialist, Woodrow Wilson was a socialist, Johnson and Nixon (a felon, too) were authoritarians (as was GW Bush), and one of our Presidential candidates (and a founder) once killed a former Secretary of the Treasury (and founder), then fled to the west and plotted the overthrow of the government (Burr). So, to say this circumstance is unique or the worst ever is a bit of an overstatement.

*Meanwhile, the Republican race is led by a man who has mocks a POW as a loser; who repeats the libel that George W. Bush knew there were no WMD in Iraq; who calls for the killing of terrorists’ families; and, who, as noted, proudly talks to America about the size of his sexual organ.

Let us be honest, John McCain is a loser who has cost this country far more than any debt owed. As far as WMDs, if that was a reasonable cause for going to war, at least 40 other countries would likely need invaded tomorrow including China, Russia, North Korea, Great Britain, Israel, France,etc. So, guess what, invading Iraq and deposing Hussein was a bad move; I supported it at the time and am big enough to get over the fact I was wrong, maybe it is time for Prager to as well. As for the sexual organ thing again, I would suggest that Mr. Prager stop behaving like a 13 year old boy in health class when the reproductive system chart is pulled down; get over it.

*Many generations have believed that the world was getting worse. But since 1776, there was a great nation that one could still rely on to stem the decay. Now that great nation, under the influence of its own elites, men and women of the left, is itself in decay.

Prager is right, every generation swears the next is the last and he is playing into this. Over more than 200 years some ideas have taken hold I find deplorable (like Keynesian economics), but others such as slavery, Jim Crow, and the state as an institution of moral control have disappeared or lessened. I have come to find out that conservatives do not really have a problem with indoctrination at schools, only that their particular brand of indoctrination is no longer employed. The reason why we do not teach kids to think for themselves is that both sides feel threatened by such a concept; people who think hardly need others to think for them. Anytime an idea requires the point of a gun or a threat of a pain-filled eternity I am cautious; particularly if the intention is that those ideas be imposed on children. Any time an idea relies on force of any kind, we should be wary. Just to be clear, I am not anti-Prager, in fact I love his discussions on male-female interactions and relationships. I am, however, discouraged by this rhetoric that is over-inflated and largely without fact in light of other periods in human history. He intends to scare; which appears to be one of the common threads between the ideological right and left which seek to use fear to paralyze the population into inaction. For if we ever were to see that the fear is largely manufactured to control us, we would reject their fallacies and frauds and this scares them most. Political leaders have long known that fear is the greatest motivator and this is not lost on the Democrats and Republicans here.

*So, who can save the world now?

As for this last question, those who embrace liberty will.   Jefferson, Bastiat, Madison, Smith, Friedman, Williams, Sowell—some of the greatest minds in history—have one common message: that liberty is that mechanism through which all humans can advance. There is no other way. Liberty and the free market have been fighting authoritarianism on the left and right in America for several hundred years now; it has not lost yet. Instead, it has been the engine of the world and we must not let ourselves be dragged down to the level of fearmongering and the abandonment of logic.

 

 

Unreasonable expectations: why government constantly fails us.

    The extent of government’s ability to act effectively is rather limited. It is not that government as a concept is inherently flawed or unable to function at any level. Instead, it is the expectations of its constituents that are the drivers of its inevitable failure in many of the tasks it endeavors upon.

     For example, government can effectively reduce the opportunity cost of a choice for its citizens, but it cannot cure social problems stemming from the choices people make. An opportunity cost is a concept from economics which basically states that for every task a person engages in there is something else they cannot be doing with their time. For example, if you mow grass for an hour, the opportunity cost of that choice might be an hour writing the great American novel (assuming you are capable of such a accomplishment). Let us estimate that your novel would take 100 hours to produce, then for each hour you mow grass you effectively “pay” 1/100th of the value of your novel. If said novel would net you $500,000 in profits, then your cost to mow grass (outside of fuel and equipment) would be $5,000. So, you would be much better off paying the little kid down the street $25 to mow your grass.

      Now, let’s apply this concept to regulatory government action. I will concede that, from a theoretical standpoint, it is much less costly to society if we “hire” an agency of people to check, for example, the solvency of financial companies. This agency could compile and publish information as to their effectiveness. They can be specialists that understand the industry and have an aptitude in their selected field. This agency would relieve us of the opportunity cost of having to learn the “ins and outs” of finance and researching every company when making any financial choice. Overall productivity rises because people can more easily determine which companies and products are relatively “better” and thus spend more time maximizing their own output based on their individual aptitudes.

     The problem with this is that humans hardly apply things within the constraints of theoretical effectiveness. Where government fails is that people want government to solve societal “problems,” instead of merely making information more accessible. They want government to keep companies from compensating certain employees too much or selling products that they (voters) think are too risky. Of course, they like the return while the products are on the upside; they just deplore the downside risk that affects them on the backend of the transaction.

     Additionally, there is a selection problem where people who wish to be politicians or government officials can often fancy themselves equalizers. Exacting what they deem to be justice from one entity for the “benefit” of the consumers or voters. Whether it is the voters or the employees of agencies driving these irrational expectations of government makes no real difference. Government is simply not up to the task without eliminating the human component of every decision. They cannot control the supply side of these transactions they deem dangerous or too risky, they must also impact the demand side of the equation. In essence, they must attempt to stop people from “hurting themselves.” Human desires and the balancing of risk and safety vary greatly from one person to the next and it is this which causes government to be ineffective. And, be certain, it is America’s risk tolerance mixed with liberty which has enabled us to be as prosperous as we are.

      Government cannot protect people from themselves or eliminate every risk inherent in life. Government can be a conduit of information, but can never (nor should it) eliminate the desire of people to make choices or engage in risk. We benefit much more from the risk tolerance of humans than we suffer from it. If risk aversion was the default human position, humans would have starved long ago in caves; paralyzed from the fear of predators.

       Over time, government becomes a haven for the risk adverse; both in employment and in voting. Those people on both sides of the proverbial aisle are driven by risk aversion and politicians motivate their voters by highlighting risk and danger. If you are on the right, the risk that someone may do something you do not think is “right” engenders the fear that society will suffer because your moral code was deviated from. On the left, if people are not nannied continuously throughout life, they will be unable to find happiness or will inevitably become victims. Incidentally, both situations are premised on adherence to some subjective moral code.

       Essentially, many people vote on the premise that government will not merely be an efficiency enhancer; instead, government will be an enactor of some “justice” where the only thing they can be sure of is they will be the beneficiary and society will somehow be improved because people are constrained in the fashion they know is best. People have often restated the phrase that government is a “necessary evil,” but lack perspective of why this was originally said. Government is a necessary evil because of the principle of the opportunity cost. Anytime we assume government can solve our individual or societal problems, we set it up for failure and us up for disappointment. Not to mention we yield to it the essential liberty that has enabled us to improve the overall human condition through technological and economic progress.

 

The Fallacy of Greed

       Greed…what a fun word! It is that invisible cause of all of society’s problems, right? Have an older car or smaller house than your neighbor? Don’t beat yourself up, they are obviously greedy. Textile manufacturing is now (predominantly) overseas? Duh…just a greedy capitalist. Walmart not forking over that mythical thing called a “living wage?” They are blatantly exhibiting their own greed. She has too much; he has too little…all byproducts of American greed, right?

     Effort is good, the old college try they used to say; but don’t you dare actually succeed because clearly you have morphed into just a common greedy piece of trash. Here is an interesting question then: If, in fact, a person who develops a product for which millions wish to pay for is greedy; what do we call a person who is willing to live for nothing off the labors of others? Ah, I remember now, we call them victims of American greed. Instead might I suggest we call them greedy victimizers of Americans; merely a semantic difference, I am sure.

     The convenience of greed lay in its ability to be arbitrarily blamed for anything. Those on the left have made careers playing on peoples’ petty jealousy through use of the word greed. People have justified the taking of others’ property because of greed; however, greed cannot be proven and, perhaps more importantly, cannot be disproven. How does one combat an accusation of greed? They cannot, which is why it is such a powerful tool of the politician to ensure support from those who Bastiat noted “wish to live at the expense of others.”

     Legalized theft and redistribution gains its mandate from this notion of greed, but how do we define greed exactly? If greed is to be defined as the desire and effort to take something from people which is not theirs, then who is greedy? Can we rightfully call Steve Jobs greedy because he created things which many were willing to trade money for? Or would that title be more properly attributed to the 23 year old which, instead of practicing responsibility, decides to live off the welfare system? I would say the latter; our president would likely say the former. A person who makes a living at the point of a gun is, in my estimation, greedy. There is little difference between someone who is able-bodied and living (almost) exclusively off the taxpayer than there is a common gangster. Both prey off of those unable to defend themselves from their oppressors, the only difference is the mobster at least has the courage to do their own dirty work.

Why warnings of tyranny must not be “rejected.”

Unfortunately, you’ve grown up hearing voices that incessantly warn of government as nothing more than some separate, sinister entity that’s at the root of all our problems. Some of these same voices also do their best to gum up the works. They’ll warn that tyranny is always lurking just around the corner. You should reject these voices.

                                                -Barack H. Obama, 2013 Ohio St. Commencement

        Actually, what they suggest is that any government is predisposed to usurp the liberties of its people. What they would suggest is that trust in a government official merely at their own behest is unwise at best and disastrous at worst. But, to be completely honest, it is not the government official for whom we must fear attempted subjugation; instead, it is “from acts in which the Government is the mere instrument of the major number of the constituents” (James Madison, 1788). It is the tyranny of some oppressive majority. Generally, though, a single figure stands ready to exact the pound of flesh which this majority so dearly desires.

     “Reject these voices” Obama tells young people…or, perhaps in other words: “pay no attention to the man behind the curtain.” Indeed, the manifestation of a threat to liberty has and will always be a single figure. Is Obama that figure to be feared? Who knows, only time can bear that out; however, I suspect he is only one of the puppets opening the show. The proverbial hand up his back, as with other leaders before him, has been our neighbors and family members and perhaps even ourselves. Eagerly our populace has stood ready to pull the handle for whomever promises to subdue ideological enemies and punish others for our own self-victimization. The choice has largely been either those people willing to seize the property of one man for the benefit of another; or, on the other hand, seize one’s liberty to appease the conscience of another. Both are mere perversions of liberty and, I would assert, share the same outcome: slavery.

    There is, however, shelter from the looming storm of statism. Unfortunately, the concept of liberty appears far too risky for those who never lived without it—sloth likely is our greatest sin. Liberty is merely a punch-line for people like Obama and Bush. For two “truths” resonate loudly for both: 1) the people cannot be trusted with liberty, and 2) most of us are more than happy to trade it for payments in-kind. Our weakness invites the shackles that will bind us, be they real or figurative. Ronald Reagan once said:

Socialists…can provide you shelter, fill your belly with bacon and beans, treat you when you’re ill, all the things guaranteed to a prisoner or slave.

This may be the best characterization of socialisms’ ill-fated pursuit. Despite popular opinion, however, the socialists ride on donkeys and elephants; and we should be wary of both.

      What then are those of us who yearn for liberty to do—where is our shelter? Not coincidentally, the “they” who Obama speaks of are very much the same as the “they” who founded our great nation. And those great minds and greater men gave us a weapon to defend ourselves from tyranny. They armed us with words whose sole purpose was to warn us of tyranny and provide the tools to defend ourselves from it: the Bill of Rights.

        What is the Bill of Rights? In school it is an inconvenience we have to remember for one test. In our adult life it is only the 1st Amendment (part of it, anyway) for Democrats and simply the 2nd and 10th for Republicans. But, in a broader sense its purpose was the explicit outline of what tyranny may look like. In fact, if tyranny was not even a possibility, the Bill of Rights would be unnecessary. Furthermore, for those who claim the mere age of the Constitution is proof of its own irrelevance and short-sightedness; they would be wise to appreciate that it is the very blanket of liberty which keeps us warm at night.

            For example, in the last couple of years alone, the news has been filled with government acts which challenge the:

  • 1st Amendment (“Obamacare” and the Catholic Church; Rosen from Fox News, etc.)
  • 2nd Amendment (gun control efforts)
  •  4th Amendment (NSA data collection, phone tapping, etc.)
  • 5th Amendment (illegal government takings during TARP)
  • 6th Amendment (NDAA)
  • 8th Amendment (NDAA, again)
  • 9th Amendment (the one the statists of neither party like)
  • 10th Amendment (Obamacare and unfunded mandates on states)

        Maybe the guys in the powdered wigs were on to something, huh? Simply put, our Constitution and the first ten amendments were designed to protect us from our government; and ensure we have the tools with which to protect ourselves from it. This is true even when an over-zealous majority threatens to exercise the government’s monopoly on violence to make us behave in a way which pleases them. It would be fair to say that distrust of government is the founding principle upon which our great republic (not democracy) was built. We would be wise to heed these warnings, not reject them; the cheap parlor trick of the politician is an illusory idea that we are safe because we are Americans. Instead, to retain the freedoms encapsulated in what Martin Luther King, Jr. referred to as the “promissory note to which every American was to fall heir” we must remain ever-vigilant. I leave you with these words:

Although all men are born free, and all nations might be so, yet too true it is, that slavery has been the general lot of the human race.  Ignorant—they have been cheated; asleep—they have been surprised; divided—the yoke has been forced upon them.  But what is the lesson?  That because the people may betray themselves, they ought to give themselves up, blindfold, to those who have an interest in betraying them?  Rather conclude that the people ought to be enlightened, to be awakened, to be united, that after establishing a government they should watch over it, as well as obey it.

                                                                               -James Madison, 1792

 

Three-fifths compromise…was it truly racist?

“Representatives and direct Taxes shall be apportioned among the several States which may be included within this Union, according to their respective Numbers, which shall be determined by adding to the whole Number of free Persons, including those bound to Service for a Term of Years, and excluding Indians not taxed, three fifths of all other Persons.”

             The preceding passage is from Article 1, Section 2 of the U.S. Constitution and gives a guideline for how both the number of representatives in the House of Representatives and taxes shall be apportioned. The underlined portion is of particular importance for our topic as it has been the source of much historical misinformation.   It is likely that what you learned about this part of the Constitution while in high school is incorrect, or at least rather misleading; then again, much of what you learned about the Constitution is highly inaccurate. The common reaction or presumption about the so-called three-fifths compromise is that it was a tool used to control slaves in the United States and is evidence that white Americans thought that blacks were only 3/5 human. There was a segment of society that thought such an absurd thing; however, this portion of the Constitution is not indicative of it. In fact, anyone that is a direct descendant of someone bound in slavery ought to be truly thankful that this concept made it into the Constitution.

            I know this idea is counter to what our popular culture and politicians lead us to believe of the framers of the Constitution; but, on the bright side, it is hardly the first time politicians have lied or obfuscated reality. We must first understand that at this point in the Constitutional Convention there was significant concern that the union might yet dissolve making the former colonies a veritable smorgasbord of resources and increasing production for the European powers to come and dine from. Furthermore, there was existing contention between the northern states and southern states regarding the institution of slavery and its moral repugnance (my description). However, many at the convention were well aware that an attempt to end the practice in the Constitution would result in a fracture in the union and certain conflict both with outside powers and between the states themselves. Since protection, or national security in today’s parlance, was the primary impetus of the union, it was imperative that the slavery question be held to another day. Otherwise, slavery would have continued in the divided territories anyhow.

           On the other hand, it was important to the north that slavery not be allowed to remain a perpetually growing enterprise and that southern states would not be able to drive the congressional boat because they could count slaves for representative reasons without any intention to allow them to vote–or engage in any other sort of self-destiny. The three-fifths rule was not a new concept designed for the Constitution and some in the northern states were concerned the three-fifths number was too high. In fact, some southern delegates briefly attempted to argue for the counting of their slaves as whole persons. I will give you a second to take another look at that last sentence. The slave owners wanted the slaves to count as whole persons for the purpose of representation while the anti-slavery northern delegates would have preferred a downgrading. If racism was the motivator for this provision, would not the tables have been reversed? Of course they would have.

            So, why did the anti-slavery north support counting slaves as less than a whole person while the pro-slavery south wanted them counted completely? Power; specifically political power, which likely would have allowed slavery to last long beyond when it was eradicated in America in the 1860s. If the slaves of the south would have been counted as whole persons the balance of the House of Representatives would have fallen significantly toward the southern states and would have likely caused the practice to perpetuate and spread throughout the new territories. The south was low on population (non-slave) compared to the north, but the volume of slaves pushed their numbers well beyond those of the north. Some in the north held concerns that even with a three-fifths rule the south would just import more slaves as a way to gain control of the House; and, because of the Electoral College, probably the presidency in most cases.

            The three-fifths compromise actually helped stem the spread of slavery into the west through legislative domination. It seems reasonable to assume that with a large legislative mandate created by a complete counting of slaves in the south, the practice would have had enough power to live well beyond the 1860s. Regardless of the accusation by those who profit from the “racial” divide; there is no inherent racism in the three-fifths clause. If someone tells you there is you should either question their knowledge on the matter or their motives. Perhaps we should consider what Dr. Martin Luther King had to say about the framers of the Constitution and their glorious experiment in liberty:

“When the architects of our republic wrote the magnificent words of the Constitution and the Declaration of Independence (Yeah), they were signing a promissory note to which every American was to fall heir. This note was a promise that all men, yes, black men as well as white men, would be guaranteed to the ‘Unalienable Rights of Life, Liberty, and the pursuit of Happiness.’”